Traumatic Brain Injury

Experienced Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyers

Suffering a traumatic brain injury (TBI) can lead to years of slow and challenging recovery. Most brain injury patients require extensive care and consultations from an array of expensive doctors and specialists.

If you or a loved one has experienced a TBI as a result of a slip and fall, auto accident, defective product, medical error, or work accident, schedule a free case review with one of our experienced traumatic brain injury lawyers at Giroux Pappas Trial Attorneys.

What Is a Traumatic Brain Injury?

A traumatic brain injury, or TBI, is a type of serious brain injury that occurs when the head is suddenly and forcefully hit or violently agitated (e.g. whiplash). In this type of injury, a violent impact damages or otherwise affects the brain.

Types of Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injuries are generally categorized as either mild, moderate, or severe.


Mild TBIs are usually categorized by injuries that cause either a loss of consciousness of fewer than 30 minutes and/or a mild change in mental status. Additionally, it’s important to note that while some brain scans may come back without an apparent injury, damage may still have occurred.


A person could experience several physical, cognitive, or sensory symptoms, including, but not limited to:

  • Headaches
  • Light sensitivity
  • Mood swings
  • Depression
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of balance and other balance issues
  • Blurred vision

Moderate & Severe

Moderate TBIs may cause a loss of consciousness of 30 minutes to six hours and a moderate mental status change—usually confusion and possibly, behavioral, cognitive, or physical changes and complications.

In severe TBIs, the injury is life-threatening, the patient’s mental status changes severely, and they may lose consciousness for longer than six hours. Additionally, patients with severe TBIs will not likely be able to return to normal life.


Additional symptoms of moderate and severe TBIs include:

  • Numbness in appendages
  • Coordination loss
  • Long-term headaches
  • Long-term nausea and vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Consciousness disorders

Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Brain injuries can be caused by a number of unfortunate scenarios, including:

  • Slips and falls
  • Blunt trauma
  • Auto accidents
  • Medical malpractice

Unfortunately, medical malpractice is one of the leading causes of TBIs.

Steps You Should Take After a TBI

The first step after a TBI is to take care of yourself and ensure your health and safety. Seek the medical attention you need.

Next, be a diligent record keeper. Every single document, interaction, and piece of correspondence related to your injury should be recorded and/or saved as these will be an essential part of your case. This includes police reports, photos, video, medical documents, appointment cards, prescriptions, and any other evidence related to your injury.

Finally, seek help from a traumatic brain injury lawyer.

How a Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyer Can Help You

Only a highly-experienced brain injury attorney can adequately help you calculate damages related to medical treatment, lost wages, emotional distress and physical pain, physical therapy, and other medical services.

There are many benefits to hiring an attorney for your head injury case. An experienced traumatic brain injury lawyer can help you:

  • Communicate with insurance companies
  • Perform thorough investigations
  • Gather evidence to help prove negligence
  • Find medical experts and expert witnesses
  • Meet deadlines on important documents and paperwork
  • Provide representation in court

All of these things are challenging for someone who is unfamiliar with the litigation process, let alone suffering from a debilitating brain injury. By hiring an attorney for your head injury case, you’ll have someone who understands the ins and outs of this process by your side from start to finish.

When Should You File a Lawsuit?

Under Michigan law, in a negligence action, you have three years after the date of your injury to file. In a medal malpractice case, that time period is shortened to two years. However, if you’ve recently sustained a TBI, we recommend obtaining legal counsel as soon as possible. Our lawyers will ensure you don’t miss any deadlines. 

Consult with a Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyer Today

If you or a loved one has recently experienced a traumatic brain injury, it is critical for you to hire a lawyer as soon as possible. Seeking legal representation will ensure that you are eligible to file a lawsuit against the at-fault party and receive the just compensation you deserve.

Fill out our online form to book a free consultation with one of our brain injury lawyers.


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